Department of Ancient History
The exhibition begins with the exhibits of Galicia-Volhynian State period (12th – 13th centuries.) Here are the archaeological finds from princely cities Galych, Zvenygorod, Terebovlya and others. Attention is paid to such items as a collection of crosses – Engolpions from the 12th – 13th centuries, hrestylnytsyas fragment from the Assumption Cathedral in Galicia, in which Galician prince Volodymyrko, father of the famous Galician prince Yaroslav Osmomysl was baptized, ceramic tiles (12th century) Assumption Cathedral in Galych.
The exhibition shows the exhibits which reveal the history of prince and medieval Lviv: sculptural portrait of King Danylo by the sculptor Theodosia Bryzh, portrait of Prince Lev by L. Dolinsky, the panorama of Lviv of the 18th century by Z. Rozwadowski and Jurij Janowski (1928), monuments of city self-government – Rada and Lava, which comes from the old Lviv Town Hall: Lviv's advisers rods from the 18th century, ceremonial sword from 1577 that symbolized the right of the City Court to condemn the person to death, executioner’s swords from the 16th century. Unique is the vane from the 17th century in the form of a lion (the symbol of a town), coat of arms of Lviv, model of the Town Hall from the 17th century.
Numerous exhibits reflect economic life of Lviv in the 17th – 18th centuries. These are the products of the casters (guns, bells, lanterns, and candlestick), tinsmith (reflectors, bowls, and hot water bottle), swordsman, locksmiths, and watchmakers. The attention of the visitors, without doubt, is attracted by a table-clock from the 18th century, which showed not only hours, but the seasons, lunar phases, days of a week.
A number of sites help to recreate the events of the Cossack period. Articles of Cossack household of the 16th – 17th centuries, attributes the Hetman's power, Cossack arms, portraits of Cossack hetmans are submitted here.
Many mysteries are kept by a portrait of a young Roksolana (16th cent.) -Nastya Lisovska from Rohatyn, Turkish captive who became the wife of Sultan Suleiman II.
Extremely valuable is a collection of manuscripts and ancient books. To the visitors attention: GOSPEL from the 15th – 16th centuries, Apostles, missals, Menaions from the 15th – 18th centuries., Music book of church singing from the 17th century (weight - 28 kg, sheet size - 41×62 cm), written on perhament, decorated with colorful illustrations and the first printed books in Ukraine: Lviv Apostle from1574 and Ostrog Bible from 1581 by John Fedorovych.
Paintings are of great value. The portrait of Varvara Lange by M. Petrahnovych, 17th century, coffin portraits of Lviv Stauropegic Brotherhood members which come from the Assumption Church in Lviv, 18th century, folk painting “Cossack Mamay,” 18th century are exhibited.
Important role in the life of Ukrainians was played by music. The visitors can have a look at the musical instruments from the 17th – 18th centuries (torban, lyre, pipe, trembita, organ).
Numerous materials cover the life of different population groups: farmers, townspeople and magnates. The exhibition includes Hutsul everyday things that are true masterpieces of folk art, bourgeois furniture from the 18th century, exquisite magnate men and women dresses, Venetian mirror, expensive hunting, silver and porcelain ware.